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Book : Programmable Logic Controllers PLC (Theory and implementation)

                   BOOK : PROGRAMMABLE   CONTROLLERS                                             (THEORY AND IMPLEMENTATION)             

L. A. Bryan
E. A. Bryan
Contents
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTORY CONCEPTS
Chapter 1 Introduction to Programmable Controllers
Definition
A Historical Background 1-3 Principles of Operation
PLCs Versus Other Types of Controls
PLC Product Application
Ladder Diagrams and the PLC
Advantages of PLCs
Chapter 2 Number Systems and Codes
Number Systems
Number Conversions
One’s and Two’s Complement
Binary Codes
Register Word Formats
Chapter 3 Logic Concepts
The Binary Concept
Logic Functions
Principles of Boolean Algebra and Logic
PLC Circuits and Logic Contact Symbology
SECTION 2 COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS
Chapter 4 Processors, the Power Supply, and Programming Devices
Introduction
Processors
Processor Scan
The System Power Supply
Programming Devices
Chapter 5 The Memory System and I/O Interaction
Memory Overview
Memory Types
Memory Structure and Capacity
Memory Organization and I/O Interaction
Configuring the PLC Memory—I/O Addressing
Summary of Memory, Scanning, and I/O Interaction
Memory Considerations
Chapter 6 The Discrete Input/Output System
Introduction to Discrete I/O Systems
I/O Rack Enclosures and Table Mapping
Remote I/O Systems
PLC Instructions for Discrete Inputs
Types of Discrete Inputs
PLC Instructions for Discrete Outputs
Discrete Outputs
Discrete Bypass/Control Stations
Interpreting I/O Specifications
Summary of Discrete I/O
Chapter 7 The Analog Input/Output System
Overview of Analog Input Signals
Instructions for Analog Input Modules
Analog Input Data Representation
Analog Input Data Handling
Analog Input Connections
Overview of Analog Output Signals
Instructions for Analog Output Modules
Analog Output Data Representation
Analog Output Data Handling
Analog Output Connections
Analog Output Bypass/Control Stations
Chapter 8 Special Function I/O and Serial Communication Interfacing
Introduction to Special I/O Modules
Special Discrete Interfaces
Special Analog, Temperature, and PID Interfaces
Positioning Interfaces
ASCII, Computer, and Network Interfaces
Fuzzy Logic Interfaces
Peripheral Interfacing
SECTION 3 PLC PROGRAMMING
Chapter 9 Programming Languages
Introduction to Programming Languages
Types of PLC Languages
Ladder Diagram Format
Ladder Relay Instructions
Ladder Relay Programming
Timers and Counters
Timer Instructions
Counter Instructions
Program/Flow Control Instructions
Arithmetic Instructions
Data Manipulation Instructions
Data Transfer Instructions
Special Function Instructions
Network Communication Instructions
Boolean Mnemonics
Chapter 10 The IEC 1131 Standard and Programming Language
Introduction to the IEC 1131
IEC 1131-3 Programming Languages
Sequential Function Chart Programming
Types of Step Actions
IEC 1131-3 Software Systems
Chapter 11 System Programming and Implementation
Control Task Definition
Control Strategy
Implementation Guidelines
Programming Organization and Implementation
Discrete I/O Control Programming
Analog I/O Control Programming
Short Programming Examples
Chapter 12 PLC System Documentation
Introduction to Documentation
Steps for Documentation
PLC Documentation Systems
Conclusion
SECTION 4 PLC PROCESS APPLICATIONS
Chapter 13 Data Measurements and Transducers
Basic Measurement Concepts
Interpreting Errors in Measurements
Transducer Measurements
Thermal Transducers
Displacement Transducers
Pressure Transducers
Flow Transducers
Vibration Transducers
Summary
Chapter 14 Process Responses and Transfer Functions
Process Control Basics
Control System Parameters
Process Dynamics
Laplace Transform Basics
Dead Time Responses in Laplace Form
Lag Responses in Laplace Form
Types of Second-Order Responses
Summary
Chapter 15 Process Controllers and Loop Tuning
Introduction
Controller Actions
Discrete-Mode Controllers
Continuous-Mode Controllers
Proportional Controllers (P Mode)
Integral Controllers (I Mode)
Proportional-Integral Controllers (PI Mode)
Derivative Controllers (D Mode)
Proportional-Derivative Controllers (PD Mode)
Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controllers (PID Mode)
Advanced Control Systems
Controller Loop Tuning
Summary
SECTION 5 ADVANCED PLC TOPICS AND NETWORKS
Chapter 16 Artificial Intelligence and PLC Systems
Introduction to AI Systems
Types of AI Systems
Organizational Structure of an AI System
Knowledge Representation
Knowledge Inference
AI Fault Diagnostics Application
Chapter 17 Fuzzy Logic
Introduction to Fuzzy Logic
History of Fuzzy Logic
Fuzzy Logic Operation
Fuzzy Logic Control Components
Fuzzy Logic Control Example
Fuzzy Logic Design Guidelines
Chapter 18 Local Area Networks
History of Local Area Networks
Principles of Local Area Networks
Network Topologies
Network Access Methods
Communication Media
Understanding Network Specifications
Network Protocols
Network Testing and Troubleshooting
Network Comparison and Selection Criteria
Chapter 19 I/O Bus Networks
Introduction to I/O Bus Networks
Types of I/O Bus Networks
Advantages of I/O Bus Networks
Device Bus Networks
Process Bus Networks
I/O Bus Installation and Wiring Connections
Summary of I/O Bus Networks
SECTION 6 INSTALLATION AND START-UP
Chapter 20 PLC Start-Up and Maintenance
PLC System Layout
Power Requirements and Safety Circuitry
Noise, Heat, and Voltage Considerations
I/O Installation, Wiring, and Precautions
PLC Start-Up and Checking Procedures
PLC System Maintenance
Troubleshooting the PLC System
Chapter 21 System Selection Guidelines
Introduction to PLC System Selection
PLC Sizes and Scopes of Applications
Process Control System Definition
Other Considerations
Summary
APPENDICES
Appendix A Logic Symbols, Truth Tables, and Equivalent Ladder/Logic Diagrams
Appendix B ASCII Reference
Appendix C Electrical Relay Diagram Symbols
Appendix D P&ID Symbols
Appendix E Equation of a Line and Number Tables
Appendix F Abbreviations and Acronyms
Appendix G Voltage-Current Laplace Transfer Function Relationships
Glossary
Index
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